Chris Barta


Chris conducts legal research for and updates Nolo's books and websites. Before working at Nolo, Chris was a reference attorney and Westlaw account manager for Thomson Reuters. Chris earned an undergraduate degree in English from Saint John's University (Minnesota), and his J.D. from Mitchell Hamline School of Law in Minnesota.

Articles By Chris Barta

Second-Offense DUI in California
For a second DUI conviction in California, you'll face fines, license suspension, and the possibility of jail time. Read the specifics about second-offense DUI penalties in California.
Texas’s DWI and DUIA Rules for Drivers Under 21 Years Old
Read about Texas's underage DWI and DUIA laws and the penalties underage drivers face for a conviction.
First-Offense OVI/DUI in Ohio
find out the administrative and criminal penalties for a first-offense OVI in Ohio.
First-Offense DWI in Texas
Read about the administrative and criminal penalties for a first-offense DWI in Texas.
Third Offense OVI/DUI in Ohio
In Ohio, the term "OVI" ("Operating a Vehicle Intoxicated") is used to describe DUI offenses, which include both drugs and alcohol. (DUI and OVI are used interchangeably.) While .08 BAC is the legal limit pertaining to alcohol, it is illegal to drive with any amount of a controlled substances (drugs) present in the driver's blood.
Third-Offense DWI in Texas
Read about what counts as a third DWI in Texas and the jail time, fines, and license suspension period for a conviction.
Third Offense DUI in California
If you are charged with your third DUI in California (and you first one was less than 10 years earlier), the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) will impose administrative sanctions independent of criminal penalties described below.
Second Offense OVI/DUI in Ohio
In Ohio, driving under the influence is normally referred to as “operating under the influence”(OVI). You can be convicted in criminal court of OVI if you operate a vehicle under several conditions.
Second Offense DWI in Texas
Read about the administrative and criminal consequences of a second DWI conviction in Texas.
Texas's DWI Implied Consent Laws: Refusing Blood or Breath Alcohol Test
Texas’s “implied consent” law requires all drivers lawfully arrested for a DWI to submit to chemical testing to determine blood alcohol concentration (BAC) or the presence of drugs in the driver’s system. Read about the law's specifics and the penalties you'll face for refusing to take a BAC test.